A place to enjoy all four seasons and every type of scenery imaginable. Each and every
region in this country can offer something different, as Argentina has most of the physical
conditions known to man: heat, cold, forest, desert, mountains, endless plains and big
cities. Yet, the most remarkable feature in this wide variety of areas is its unspoiled
nature, making the country a very attractive touristic destination.
Located in the southern extreme of the American continent, Argentina is the eighth largest
country in the world and one of the most exquisite, too. The beauty of the jungle of the
Northeast gives way to the grassy Pampas (sprawling westward from the city of Buenos Aires)
and to the windswept Patagonian desert further south.
From the Northwest, the semi-arid area of the Puna, inhabited by llamas and alpacas, turns
South into the Patagonian Andes, a land of forests, lakes, and glaciers, narrowing towards
It comes from the Latin “argentum”, that means silver. The origin of this name goes back to
the trips of the first Spanish conquerors to El Río de la Plata (The River Plate). The
shipwrecked people of Juan Díaz de Solís’s expedition found aborigens who gave them silver
objects. Near 1524 they spread the news about this Plate Hill, a mountain full of that
precious metal. From that moment on the Portuguese called Solis’s river as “El Río de la
Plata”. Two years later, the Spanish also started to use that name. The National
Constitution passed in 1853 included the name “The Republic of Argentina” as the official
name of the government and territory of his Nation.
Situation, extension and limits Placed in South America (therefore in the south hemisphere
of the planet), Argentina has an extension of almost 3,8 million Km,
2,8 belong to the continent - with approximately 54 % of plains (meadows and savannah), 23
% of tableland and the other 23 % of hills and mountains. The rest is in the Antarctic
sector. Its 3.800 kilometres of surface go from 22º up to 55º Latitude South. Argentina
borders on Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile on a perimeter of 9.376 kilometres.
The Atlantic Ocean side accounts for 4.725 kilometres.
The main characteristic of Argentine geography is the immense contrast offered between its
huge oriental plains and the impressive Andes mountain chain in the west, which includes
the highest summit of the western hemisphere: the Aconcagua, (6959 meters).
From Jujuy to Tierra del Fuego, the mountain chain shows a wonderful variety of
landscape: altiplanes on the northwest (desert, valleys, ravine and coloring hills) and
lakes, forests and glaciers of the Patagonia in the south.
Chaco, in the north of the country is a forest area limited by three rivers:
Bermejo, Salado and Pilcomayo.
Between the rivers Parana and Uruguay we find the Argentine Mesopotamia (which
includes Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones provinces). It is formed by hills, lagoons and
swamp that mark the former tracings of those big rivers. In the middle of the subtropical
jungle, cliffs look as spectacular as Iguazú Falls. In the center of Argentina, the
pampeana region is the most extensive and famous plain. We find strong agricultural and
cattle development, in Buenos Aires, in the north-east of La Pampa and south of Cordoba and
Santa Fe. The area is located between Tandil and La Ventana hills on the south, and Cordoba
hills in the west. Towards the south, from the Andes to the sea, the sterile and stony
Patagonian plateaus go down affected by the wind most time of the year. The Atlantic
littoral bordered by high cliffs, creates amazing figures, as Peninsula Valdés, with its
spectacular state-run of marine animals.
Argentina has a great weather variety: mild and humid in the pampeana plain, cold and humid
in the extreme west of the Patagonia, subtropical in the north Mesopotamia and hot in the
Northwest. From November until March, the average temperature is 23ºC and, from June to
September, 12ºC. In June the temperature goes from 18°C to 9°C.
Nowadays, Argentina has a population of over 40 million inhabitants. The majority of the
population is Spanish and Italian descendants. But there are also French, Swiss, Polish,
Jewish, Armenian, German and British communities. With the massive European immigration,
native blood was diluted to a point that the pure aborigine population (Mapuches, Collas,
Tobas, Matacos and Chiriguanos) represents nowadays 0.5% of the country’s total inhabitants.
The official religion is Roman Catholic Apostolic, though there is total freedom of
worship. Besides Protestantism, Judaism, Islamism, orthodox Greek religion, the orthodox
Russian one and others are practiced as well.
The official language of Argentina is Spanish.
All countries in the world are accepted to enter Argentina. No delegates will be denied a
visa to enter our country and the entry formality is only the current passport with or
without Visa, depending on the passenger nationality. No vaccination certificate is
required, except for passengers coming from countries where cholera and yellow fever are
The Argentinean currency is the peso ($). Currency can be exchanged at banks and bureaus of
exchange, just by showing your passport.
Banks are open from Monday to Friday from 10:00 to 15:00 h, while exchange agencies operate
from 10:00 to 16:00 h. When exchanging money, you are advised to use only an authorized
exchange bureau, rather than informal traders.
Electric power in Argentina is 220 volts, 50 cycles, alternating current.
Telephone calls to Buenos Aires
The country code for Argentina is 54, and the area code for Buenos Aires is 11. For
example, to call to 4555-5555 from outside the country, you should dial: 0054-11-4555-5555.
For mobile phone from abroad 54 9 11 + number
The sound and flashlights of mobile phones must be switched off during all sessions.
Banks /ATM (Automatic Teller Machines)
Banks open at 10:00 h and close at 15:00 h . Cash extractions and other transactions may be
made at ATMs, 24 hours a day.
ATMs are located all around the city. You can withdraw either pesos or US dollars. They can
also be used for cash advances on major credit cards such as MasterCard, VISA or Amex.
The Tourism Under-Secretariat has a toll-free line for tourist assistance in several
languages: 0800-999-2838. It works every day from 9:00 to 20:00 h.
Also, Tourist Information Centers (Centros de Información Turística) offer all types of
necessary material to move freely around the city. They are located in different districts
within Buenos Aires:
Juana Manuela Gorriti 200
Monday to Monday 09:00 to 20:00 h
Plaza del Correo HUB
Av. Leandro N. Alem y Sarmiento
Monday to Monday 9 a 20 h
Florida & Marcelo T. de Alvear
Monday to Friday from 09:00 to 18:00 h;
Monday to Monday from 09:00 to 20:00 h
Monday to Monday 09:00 to 20:00 h
Avenida Don Pedro de Mendoza 1900 (Costanera, Plazoleta de los Suspiros)
Monday to Monday 09:00 to 18:00
Transportation within the city
Buenos Aires is arranged in blocks, so it’s easy to get around if you know the essentials.
The city has a large and ever-expanding public transport network, and almost 40,000
licensed taxis (that’s 3 times as many as New York). The hop-on, hop-off tourist bus is a
must if you’re short of time and keen to see the highlights. Bicycle lanes and pedestrian
streets in the city centre make cycling and walking a nice alternative.
Known locally as ‘colectivos’ or ‘bondis’, buses are a cheap and efficient way to get
around the city. Over 180 numbered lines run regularly, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year,
and you0ll rarely find yourself more than a couple of blocks from a stop.
Fares within the city range between $13 and $14 pesos and must be paid with a rechargeable
SUBE card (details below). Tell the bus driver where you are headed (most passengers give
the name of the crossroad nearest to where they wish to get off) and he will let you know
The Metrobus is a system of dedicated bus lanes designed to cut journey times on several of
the city's main arteries. Several Metrobus stations have free WiFi access. Make sure you
stand in line (bus queuing is respected in Buenos Aires), and note that people queue to the
right of the bus stop, not the left.
Subte (Underground train network)
The subte may be the oldest in Latin America (the first line opened in 1913 - click here
for a timeline), but it remains the quickest way to get around the city. Four líneas
(lines), A, B, D and E, run in parallel from the centre to the western and northern
outskirts, while línea C runs north–south, connecting the two major train stations of
Retiro and Constitución. Línea H, the newest line, runs from Las Heras Avenue south to
To travel on the Subte, you'll need a rechargeable SUBE card (see below). SUBE cards can be
recharged at the windows in subte stations. Each journey costs $13.50 pesos, no matter how
many connections you make.
Trains operate every three to ten minutes depending on the line, from 5am to 10.30pm Monday
to Saturday, and 8am to 10pm on Sundays and public holidays. Unsurprisingly, trains can get
very crowded during rush hour (8am-9.30am and 5pm-7pm). Línea A carriages are
A number of subte stations have free WiFi access.
Cycling in BA
Buenos Aires has over 130km of bicycle lanes, and public bicycles are available for
residents and tourists to hire from over 80 bike stations across the city. This public bike
share system, known as Ecobici, allows registered users to borrow bicycles for free, 24/7.
Users can take bikes for up to an hour. If they want to continue to use the system, they
must wait 15 minutes before picking up a new bike.
How to register
Register as a user here www.buenosaires.gob.ar/ecobici/registro-sistema-ecobici or by
downloading the BA Ecobici app on your cellphone (www.buenosaires.gob.ar/ecobici). You can
also scan the QR barcode at the bicycle pick-up station to download the app. Once you
validate your details on receipt of a confirmation email from Ecobici, you are fully
registered and free to use the scheme.
Real-time updates on the availability of bikes at bike stations, together with pick-up
station addresses and cycle path maps, can be found here:
More information, including discounts and promotions on cycle gear, and even a tool to
measure your ecological footprint, can be found on the EcoBici website:
BA is awash with licensed black and yellow taxis, and in busy areas you are unlikely to
wait more than a couple of minutes for one. Taxis can be flagged down off the street (on
the right-hand side). You’ll be able to tell if one is available if the ‘libre’ (free) sign
is lit up in red or white on the taxi’s windscreen on the passenger side. It is common to
give a direction using the cross street, for example instead of saying “Corrientes 585” you
would say “Corrientes y Florída”, since Florída is the nearest cross street to that
Licensed taxis run on meters, and tariffs are exclusively in pesos (ARS $). Fares rise by
20% at night.
If you want to order a taxi from a fixed place, there are several radio taxis companies
from which taxis can be ordered in advance. A good idea would be to ask your hotel to
recommend you one.
Should you wish to make a complaint against a taxi driver, please call 0800-999-2838 or
send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Downloadable maps and other useful apps to help you navigate the city.:
• BA Cómo llego? (How do I get there?)
This interactive online map will help you get from A to B in the city, whether on public
transport, by car or on foot.
This mobile application is for all bicycle users in the city. It maps out bicycles lanes,
and shows the locations and availability of city bikes for hire.
Map of bicycle lanes in the city
• BA WiFi
There is free WiFi in hundreds of central hotspots.
find out where.
City's other free apps
Security: cut your risks
Buenos Aires is a safe city, but as in any other big city, precautions must be taken.
Practice the same caution you would practice when visiting a major metropolitan destination
in your country. Please follow these recommendations, and we are sure that your stay in
Buenos Aires will be very pleasant.
• Move around with only a photocopy of your identification papers. Photocopies of valuables
such as passport, tickets, driving license and travelers’ checks should be kept separately
from the originals.
• Carry only the minimum amount of cash that you need for the day. Men should keep their
wallets in their inside pockets. It is a good idea to keep small bills in trouser pockets,
and not to take out the wallet more than necessary. Women carrying a purse should try to
keep it next to their bodies. In case they carry shoulder bags, they must be sure not to
let them hang loosely over their shoulder.
• Don’t carry all your cards with you; leave at least one in the hotel safe. If you lose or
have your credit card stolen cancel it immediately by phoning the relevant 24-hour
• It is better not to bring valuables to the meetings, unless absolutely necessary.
Expensive jewelry, cameras and similar objects should never be left in the hotel room but
rather locked in the hotel’s safety box.
• Do not wear your badges outside the Congress venue or carry around conference bags. Both
identify you as a foreigner. Do not walk down deserted or badly lit streets after dark.
• Do not change money on the street; do it in banks or money exchange bureaus.
The “Comisaría del Turista de la Policia Federal” (Tourist Police Office of the Argentine
Federal Police) protects, assists and guides the visitor. It offers internal phone, fax and
email services. Moreover it acts as a link with diplomatic offices and consulates within
the country, to attend to documentation matters and other related police affairs. Just call
0800 999 5000 , toll free. Its staff speaks English, Italian, French, Portuguese and
Comisaría del turista
Av. Corrientes 436.
Tel: 4346-5748/4346-5700 Ext 5748